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  • Periorbital Cellulitis: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

    Periorbital cellulitis is an eyelid and/or skin infection. Though adults can get periorbital cellulitis, children under the age of two are more likely to get this condition. This normally occurs whenever the soft tissue is attacked by bacteria including your eyelid. The germs enter the skin through a cut or scratch, or an infection in the sinuses. Periorbital cellulitis is also caused by trauma. Periorbital cellulitis, which occurs outside a skull called orbital septum, is often referred to as preseptal cellulitis. Although the tissue layer prevents the virus from spreading to the eye, it does not typically impact the vision. Some findings show that mortality ranges from 5% to 25% in intracranial periorbital or orbital cellulitis. How Does Periorbital Cellulitis Differ From Orbital Cellulitis? A child, Credits: pixabay Orbital cellulitis and periorbital cellulitis are a distinct diseases that shares a few clinical signs and symptoms. Orbital cellulitis normally starts deeply within the orbital septum, and periorbital septum cellulitis begins superficially. Orbital cellulitis has additional clinical characteristics such as proptosis, eye pain, lower vision and reduced motility. Both disorders between children are normal. Periorbital cellulitis is much more widespread than orbit cellulitis. Cellulitis of the orbit is a major complication, which can lead to partial loss of vision, complete blindness, and other life threats. In the case of periorbital cellulitis, the infection can spread to the eye socket and cause orbital cellulitis. Orbital Complications Classification As periorbital and orbital cellulitis share certain similarities, it is important to distinguish them to devise proper treatment plans. The Chandler orbital complication division assigns orbital complications according to their severity. In making a diagnosis it is important to understand these types. The groups are: Group 1 pre-septal cellulitis Group 2 orbital cellulitis Group 3 subperiosteal abscess Group 4 orbital abscess Group 5 cavernous sinus thrombosis. What Are The Causes Of Periorbital Cellulitis? Bacteria, Credits: pixabay Preseptal cellulitis is typically due to the concurrent spread of local facial or eyelid damage, insect or animal bites, conjunctivitis, chalazion, or sinusitis infections. Periorbital cellulitis is caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, and helminths. Bacteria are the cause of the majority of infections. The pathogen type may differ. Streptococcus pneumonia and Staphylococcus aureus and S. pyogenes are generally the most common pathogen associated with a sinus infection where the infection is caused by local Trauma. The less common causes of periorbital cellulitis include Acinetobacter, Nocardia, Bacillus, Pseudomonas, Neisseria, Proteus, Pasteurella, and Mycobacterium. Fungal infections can be Mucorales and Aspergillus. However, fungal infections are very rare. In children who are less than 9 years old, the infection is usually caused by a single aerobic organism and in children who are more than 15 years old, the infection is supposed to be polymicrobial with mixed aerobic and anaerobic (Bacteroides, Peptostreptococcus) infections. The common risk factors for periorbital and orbital cellulitis are presented in the table below. Risk FactorsPercentageConjunctivitis 74.1%Upper respiratory tract infections 37.4%Focal lesions on the face or near the orbita 25.2%Sinusitis 24.5%Odontogenic infections and dental caries 19.4%Trauma 10.8%Allergy 3.6%Hordeolum 3.6%Other 6.5% What Are The Symptoms Of Periorbital Cellulitis? Infection, Credits: pixabay The most common signs of periorbital cellulitis are: Redness in the eyes and swelling Tenderness, heat and eyelid discoloration Cut, scratch, or bite close to the eye The white side of the eye could look red. Eye pain Low-grade fever Patients find difficulties in opening the eye because of swelling in the eyelids. And if an eye evaluation is difficult, visual acuity does not usually affect the eye function, and the globe does not push forward. Periorbital cellulitis usually does not cause fever or pain. If your child develops fever and swelling and the affected eye finds difficulty in movement, it is important to get medical attention.  As these symptoms are more related to a serious medical issue called orbital cellulitis which affects the eye, it is important to find medical help immediately. Diagnosis of Orbital Cellulitis Physical Examination An ophthalmologist performs an eye examination. Preseptal and orbital cellulitis have distinct clinical characteristics and can be clinically distinguished. In periorbital cellulitis except for eyelid swelling, other eye findings remain normal. If a doctor suspects that your child may have periorbital cellulitis, he will observe for signs of injury or a stye. Also, he will examine how well your child can move her eyes and respond to light. They may order more testing after clearly identifying the symptoms of an infection such as redness, swelling and pain. Blood Test Blood test, Credits: pixabay A blood test or any drainage from the eye will be collected. This is to determine which bacteria cause the problem. Blood Cultures Blood cultures are carried out in patients with orbital cellulitis before antibiotics are started. However, less than one third are positive. If meningitis is suspected, a lumbar puncture is done. When the supposed cause is sinusitis, paranasal fluid cultures are performed. CT Scan A doctor interpreting a CT scan, Credits: canva If nasal discharge is present and to rule out orbital cellulitis, tumors and pseudotumor, a CT or MRI analysis can be carried out. A scan of orbits and sinuses by computed tomography(CT) allows differentiation and determination of infection levels in orbital and periorbital cellulitis. If marked eyelid swelling, fever, leukocytosis, or no improvements with the proper antibiotic then a CT scan should be carried out. The degree of orbital activity can be determined by a computed tomography scan. The following results for the CT scan in preseptal cellulitis include: Swelling of the eyelid and surrounding soft tissues Obliteration of the fat planes or soft tissue details Absence of orbital inflammation IPeriorbital (preseptal) and orbital cellulitis are difficult to differentiate based solely on clinical results, especially among children. Many clinical symptoms of orbital cellulitis are different, such as proptosis and ophthalmoplegia, but a CT scan with a contrast infusion in the orbit confirms the proper diagnosis. Orbital ultrasound can assist with orbital inflammation diagnosis which needs skilled observers and expert facilities. MRI The benefit of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) over the CT scan is that it best measures the pathology of soft tissues. MRI helps diagnose cavernous sinus thrombosis. Imaging with diffusion will confirm most orbital abscesses in patients who do not undergo the intravenous contrast dye without the use of intravenous contrast dye (e.g., those who have renal insufficiency). Despite the advantages, MRI is not commonly used as it becomes not readily available in certain clinical settings, and pediatric patients there is a need for sedation before obtaining an MRI. Treatment of Orbital Cellulitis A woman taking antibiotics, Credits: canva Preseptal cellulitis, when extended to the eyes’ socket, can cause vision problems and blindness. The right treatment is necessary to prevent complications. A doctor can prescribe antibiotics if they confirm that your child is suffering from periorbital cellulitis. Either orally or intravenously, these antibiotics can be taken. The type of the prescribed antibiotic may vary depending on the type of bacteria causing an infection and your age. It should begin working within 24 to 48 hours. The first treatment is against pathogens in sinusitis (S. pneumoniae, non-typeable H. influenzae, S. aureus, Moraxella catarrhalis). Clinicians will apply effective antibiotics in regions where methicillin-resistant S. aureus is present. Gram-negative infection must be taken into account in patients with dirty wounds. If periorbital cellulitis happens in adults, oral antibiotics are prescribed. If they do not respond to oral antibiotics, intravenous antibiotics are prescribed. Adults usually receive the following antibiotics. Amoxicillin/clavulanate Clindamycin Doxycycline Trimethoprim Piperacillin/tazobactam Cefuroxime Ceftriaxone If periorbital cellulitis is seen in children who are less than one year old, intravenous antibiotics are given in the hospital. Children will be discharged if the doctor feels that the intravenous antibiotics are working. They will be given oral antibiotic medications to be continued at home for a few more days. The commonly prescribed antibiotics in children include the following. Amoxicillin/clavulanate Clindamycin Doxycycline Trimethoprim Piperacillin/tazobactam Cefuroxime Ceftriaxone The treatment regimens for different cellulitis are described in the table below.Orbital cellulitis Severe Periorbital cellulitis3rd generation cephalosporin Cefotaxime 50 mg/kg (max 2 g) IV 6 hourly OR Ceftriaxone 50 mg/kg (max 2 g) IV daily PLUS Flucloxacillin 50 mg/kg (max 2g) IV 6 hourly OR If suspected MRSA: vancomycin Duration based on clinical severity and improvement. Usually at least 3-4 days, then switch to oral.Amoxicillin with clavulanic acid (doses based on amoxicillin component) 22.5 mg/kg (max 875 mg) oral bd 10–14 daysModerate Periorbital cellulitisFlucloxacillin 50 mg/kg (max 2g) IV 6 hourly OR Ceftriaxone 50 mg/kg (max 2g) IV daily (consider HITH) OR If suspected MRSA: Clindamycin 15 mg/kg (max 600 mg) IV/oral 8 hourly OR Trimethoprim with sulfamethoxazole (8/40 mg/mL) 4/20 mg/kg (max 320/1600 mg) bd Duration based on clinical severity and improvement. Usually 1-2 days, then switch to oral.When improving, switch to oral antibiotics as per mild periorbital cellulitis7–10 daysMild Periorbital cellulitisNot applicableCefalexin 33 mg/kg (max 1 g) oral tds                           ORCefuroxime 3 months – 2 years: 10 mg/kg (max 125 g) oral bd                           2 – 12 years: 15 mg/kg (max 250 mg) oral bd7-10 days A follow-up visit is necessary to find whether the infection is completely gone. How Long Does It Take For Periorbital Cellulitis To Go Away? Treatment is often prescribed for seven to ten days, but treatment should proceed until symptoms of cellulitis are resolved or almost resolved until eyelid erythema and swelling have occurred. Recurrent preseptal cellulitis rarely recurs.  It normally comes in because of an underlying cause not diagnosed or an anatomical abnormality. In addition to antibiotic treatment, surgical drainage is indicated by the presence of subperiosteal and intraorbital abscess. For full ophthalmology and/or severe optic impairment (acute optic nerve or retinal compromise) or major and specified abscesses, surgical drainage is suggested. In patients with orbital cellulitis, intracranial abscess drainage, orbital surgery, or ethmoidectomy, sinus surgery and Sinus endoscopy are advised, depending on the patient conditions. What Are The Complications Of Periorbital Cellulitis? Meningitis, Credits: canva The complications of periorbital cellulitis include the following. Recurrent periorbital cellulitis (RPOC) – Three periorbital infections within 1 year spread up to a period of 1 month of convalescence Toxic shock syndrome Eschar formation leading to scarring Meningitis Orbital cellulitis Intracranial extension of infection Periorbital necrotizing fasciitis – A potential complication with devastating results; the mortality rate is reported to be 14.4% [44] Is Periorbital Cellulitis An Emergency? If your child has swelling, redness in the eyelids and fever seek medical attention. Sometimes periorbital cellulitis can turn to orbital cellulitis and cause vision problems and blindness.

  • Sprained Wrist: Symptoms, Treatment, and Recovery

    The wrist is a joint that incorporates the carpal bones. There are eight carpal bones in the wrist and all these bones are grouped in two rows. Cartilage and ligaments hold the bones of the wrist together. A wrist sprain occurs if the tight ligaments supporting the wrist go beyond their limits or tears. This occurs when the wrist is twisted or curved, normally because of a drop on the extended side. Wrist sprains are common injuries. Depending on the intensity of the damage to the ligaments, wrist sprain can be mild to severe. Ligaments are powerful tissues of fibrous tissues which link bones to other bones. The ligaments in the wrist help the bones stabilize and keep the joint tight. There may be different types of wrist sprain. That may be a small tear in the fibers of the ligament or a full tear through the ligament or the bone attachment. How Wrist Sprains Are Graded? The sprains are classified according to the degree of ligament damage Grade 1 Sprain (Mild) The ligaments are stretched, but not torn. In this case, minor damage to the ligaments happens. Grade 2 Sprains (Moderate) The ligaments are partly broken in grade 2 sprains which can cause functional damage. Grade 3 Sprains (Severe) The ligament is completely broken or the ligament is removed from the bone. Extreme seamlessness and lack of function was observed in grade 3. Such injuries need immediate treatment or surgical treatment. It will take a little chip of bone with it, as the ligament breaks away from the bone. This is known as a fracturing of avulsion. What Causes Wrist Sprain? A Wrist sprains are most commonly affected by a fall on an outstretched hand. Wrist sprains usually happen during sports and outdoor recreation and sometimes during everyday activities. Wrist sprains are common during snowfall or ice storms. In this weather condition, the ground is slippery and the chance of a slip is high. The highest proportion of wrist injuries are seen in service industries, manufacturing, construction laborers, carpenters, etc. Who Are Prone To Wrist Sprain? Basketball players, Credits: canva Anyone that slips or is hit on the wrist may have wrist sprains. Yet wrist sprain is more frequent in Basketball players Weightlifting Ice hockey Wrestling Judo Baseball players Gymnasts Divers Skiers Skaters Skateboarders Inline skaters Around 3% to 9% of injuries related to sports include hand or wrist injuries. What Are The Symptoms Of A Sprained Wrist? The signs and symptoms of a sprained wrist include Pain Swelling Bruising Tenderness and warmth around the injury A feeling of popping or tearing inside the wrist Weakness Loss of motion Modern wrist injuries with low swelling may include a broken ligament and surgery could be necessary to prevent long lasting complications. An occult fracture may often also be mistaken as a serious to mild sprain. Untreated sprains should not be adequately healed if not treated correctly and sufficiently. A mild wrist injury that causes persistent wrist pain and that does not improve quickly needs to be evaluated properly. A proper diagnosis and care are needed to prevent long-term complications such as chronic pain, rigidity and arthritis. How Wrist Sprains Are Diagnosed? Physical Examination Your doctor will ask you about your symptoms and the history of recent hand and wrist injuries. A doctor evaluates if the patient has any numbness in the hand or any sorts of pain in any other locations. Then a careful examination of the wrist is done to check how it moves and whether it hurts. A complete hand examination is done to check for any other injuries. Imaging Tests To confirm the diagnosis, imaging tests are performed. MRI examination, Credits: canva X-Ray X-ray imaging will show bone fractures and wrist bones alignment. Although x-ray will not show the ligaments, it can be used to rule out other diagnoses. Additional imagery tests, such as an MRI scan, a CT scan, or arthrogram may be performed. A special dye is applied to the wrist in an arthrogram. In an imaging scan, the joints and the ligaments become clearer. In some cases, arthroscopy is performed which is a minimally invasive procedure. A small camera is placed in the wrist in this process. Treatment of Wrist Sprain Based on the seriousness of the condition, the care choices for the handle sprain are different. How to Wrap a Sprained Wrist A woman wrapping a sprained wrist, Credits: canva You will have to wrap your wrist to deal with the swollenness’ and to speed up the recovery if you hurt it in a fall or crash. A small wrist sprain may be managed with a wrapping with a compression, but look for medical treatment if you have serious pain in your wrist. Here are the steps for wrapping your wrist: Wrap your wrist bandage once, starting on the pinky side of the hand and facing down the hand. Pull the bandage on the thumb side of the palm once and then wrap it over. Cross the bandage to your wrist and wrap it around your wrist again. Turn your wrap on and over the palm to the rosy side of your hand. Wrap the wrist back. To secure the wrist, use the rest of the wrap. Just ensure that the wrist isn’t too tightly wrapped. You should strip the bandage and rewrap if your fingers tend to peel or go numb. Home Care The RICE protocol involves the procedure for a minor wrist sprain: Rest: rest at least 48 hours for your wrist. Ice: To decrease the swelling, apply ice immediately after the injury. Do not put ice on your skin directly. Put the cold packs for two to three minutes for 4 hours about 2 to 3 days. Compression: To reduce swelling, wear an elastic compression bandage. Elevation. Rest with your wrist higher than your heart as much as possible. Non-steroids (NSAIDs) such as Aspirina (aspirin) or ibuprofen are used to relieve inflammation and swelling. These drugs may have side effects like ulcers and bleeding and need to be taken only on a prescription. When the pain lasts for more than 48 hours, it is recommended to see a doctor. Non-Surgical Options A doctor treating a patient, Credits: canva Moderate sprains may require immobilization with a wrist splint or brace for one week or more. Using a splint or brace may help avoid repetitive joint movement and sudden or unintentional use of the wrist to worsen the sprain. Because immobility can cause discomfort in your wrist, it is advised that these stretching exercises help you recover maximum mobility. Surgical Treatment In case of severe sprains, where a fully torn ligament needs to be repaired, surgery needs to be done. A wrist and hand surgeon will take care of the procedure. Surgery means reconnecting the ligament to the bone or reconstructing the injured ligament using a tendon grease. Surgery is usually followed by a rehabilitation which includes exercises to strengthen the wrist to restore and regain the range of motions. TThe duration of the healing depends on the sprain intensity. For a complete recovery, a period of 6 to 12 months is required. Physical Therapy Physiotherapy, Credits: canva Exercises in physical therapy contribute to strength growth, endurance improvement and practical wrist movements. Exercises must be carried out under tolerated limits. Depending on the condition, a certified physical therapist may help you develop a recovery schedule for wrist. How Long It Takes To Recover From A Wrist Sprain? The recovery time may depend on the grade of a wrist sprain. Full healing time normally depends on the seriousness of the sprain, medication choice, patient age, pre-existing illnesses and post-treatment therapy exercises. Mild injuries usually require two to ten weeks to heal. The healing process usually depends on the grade of the sprain and how properly it was managed. A grade 1 sprain may require 2 to 4 weeks time to recover and grade 3 sprains may take 3 to 6 months time for a full recovery. A therapist may assist patients who have undergone surgery to achieve a complete recovery. Stretching and strengthening exercises can decrease muscle stiffness and increase the range of motion of the wrist joint are often prescribed for recovering patients. Before returning to the old physical exercise, it is necessary to ensure the following: You don’t feel pain in your wrist when it is at rest You can grip and move objects like a bat or a racket without pain. Your injured wrist, the arms, and the hands are as strong as the uninjured one. If you rush to use your wrist before it heals, it may result in permanent damage. Prevention of a Wrist Sprain Wrist guards, Credits: canva As wrist sprains happen during a fall, be careful when walking on wet or slippery surfaces. Also, sprains happen during sports like skating, skateboarding, and skiing. When you plan to participate in such activities, wear wrist guards or protective tape. This supports your wrist and prevents you from bending too far if you slip. Inline skaters and snowboarders can secure their wrists using wrist guards. Divers of the platform should wear protective bandage, wrist splints or wraps that limit wrist extension. Choose ski poles that have low profile grip and finger-grooves to avoid handle sprains linked to skiing. Grip ski poles during a crash without braces and falling poles.

  • How to Stop Masturbation Addiction?

    Masturbation is described as the stimulation of the genitals, typically to a point of orgasm, to achieve sexual excitement and pleasure (sexual climax). Touching, stroking, or massaging the penis or clitoris is usually carried out before an orgasm is reached. It is a way to see how more young people enjoy a sexual relationship before undertaking with an adult. Masturbation is a part of sexual health. It is considered a safe way to explore sexuality and self-pleasure. One or two times a day is normal to masturbate. The number of times an individual masturbates can differ from person to person. Sometimes, masturbation can turn out to be an addiction and can affect various other aspects of life. Also, too much masturbation depletes the hormones that create an attraction between two people. It becomes important to stop the addiction and focus the attention on other activities. Here are a few ways to stop masturbation addiction. When does Masturbation Turn To An “Addiction”? Masturbation can turn out to be an addiction when a person cannot control the urge to masturbate and when his regular activities like school, work, and social functions are disrupted. Also, masturbation can lead to negative emotions and it is necessary to avoid the addiction before turns to be a huge problem. Masturbation Turning To a Compulsive Behavior Relationship issues, Credits: canva Sometimes masturbation can turn to be a compulsive sexual behavior. This sort of compulsive behavior can cause psychological issues and distress and can turn out to be a mental health issue. The Mental Illness Diagnostic and Statistical Manual added the category of addiction to behavior. Masturbation is considered as one of the addictions. It may be characterized by various causes that masturbation is compulsive. It could be because, for example,: Untreated environments for mental wellbeing Problems in relation Relationship issues Restrictive views on sexuality Poor sexual communication Cultural and religious conflicts What Are The Symptoms Of Masturbation Addiction? An upset couple, Credits: canva The following signs may signify that you have a masturbation addiction. In such instances, reach out for help. Your personal life is suffering You spend lots of time masturbation You want to masturbate even in public restrooms And, you are unable to involve in social activities and prefer going home. You masturbate to deal with bad feelings. Feeling guilty and upset after masturbation You often think about masturbation A person who masturbates often may have low self-esteem, lower sexual satisfaction, and their relationships may get affected. What Are The Benefits Of Masturbation? A happy woman, Credits: canva Masturbation is not bad. It has the following benefits. During masturbation, your body releases dopamine which is a chemical that helps you feel sexual pleasure. When you are done with it, endorphins are released. Endorphins and dopamine are stress relievers. People experiencing stress or any other mental health conditions are likely to get addicted to masturbation. Masturbation is a pivotal part of a person’s sexuality. Excess of it is problematic. Chronic masturbation leads to more release of dopamine and endorphins. You have similar emotions, like a drug addict, as the brain produces dopamine. Masturbation will help you find out more about your body sexuality and what you want during sex. It can relieve cramps. Endorphins can act as natural pain relievers What Are The Side Effects Of Masturbation? Skin irritation, Credits: canva If the masturbation turns to be compulsive, vigorous, or constant, it can cause side effects. Edema: Gripping the penis too firmly during masturbation can cause mild swelling or edema. Skin irritation: Masturbation can cause chafing or skin irritation if it is too vigorous. However, the irritation is mild and can go away in a few days. Guilt: Some people may feel ashamed and guilty after masturbation. A survey of 4,211 males who are at a clinic for sex medicine showed that after masturbation, 8.4% of males had a feeling of guilt. How to Stop Masturbation Addiction? Stopping the addiction to masturbate is a time taking process. But it is completely possible. It requires a series of strategies. Here are a few. “NO” to Pornography Seek Professional help Acceptance Be patient Stay Active Focus on yourself Support groups Concentrate on your clothes Books that may help you deal with masturbation addiction “NO” To Pornography A man watching “porn”, Credits: canva Pornography can trigger the desire to masturbate. Take measures to prevent yourself from watching pornography. Just throw out any forms of it, be it magazines, movies, etc.  Start using a computer or mobile phones in public places so that you don’t have an urge to see the wrong stuffs. You can also install porn blocking software. Seek For Professional Help An interaction, Credits: canva When you are willing to stop the habit of masturbating entirely, you can get professional help from a counselor, psychologist, or psychiatrist who specializes in sexual health.  These specialists are trained people and can offer you recommendations and suggestions on how you can get rid of masturbation. In some instances, the obsessive-compulsive disorder can be the cause of the underlying issue and a therapist will be able to help you sort the issue. Your therapist may have several strategies to identify the issue behind your masturbation addiction. One such therapy is talk therapy. Talk therapy will help you discover the root cause of your masturbation dependency, so that you can improve behavior reduction strategies. If you are experiencing trauma, your therapist may help you identify better-coping skills for managing the emotional pain. If you masturbate to cope up with stress, a therapist can help you handle the situation better. Some of the drugs used for the treatment of compulsive masturbation include antidepressants, mood stabilizers, and naltrexone. Acceptance When you consult a therapist, you must be honest about how many times you masturbate a day. Also, let your therapist know what times you masturbate. It might be during the shower during the morning or before your bedtime. You must accept that masturbation is normal and not bad.  You must communicate your feelings properly to a therapist to get a perfect solution to your problem. Be Patient Breaking any type of addiction takes time. You must be ready to see a therapist for several weeks or months. The more you continue talking with the specialist, the more comfortable you turn out to be. Slowly you realize changes in your feelings and behaviors. Have a strong determination that you can get rid of the habit and always trust the process. Stay Active A woman doing yoga, Credits: canva Keep yourself active all the time. Engage in activities that make you self-soothing and exciting. You can try the following. Find a new hobby or rediscover the existing one. Learn a new skill or try a new sport. Exercises help you stay active. Exercises release endorphins that promote feelings of well-being Practice mindfulness. Do yoga and meditation. Socialize with friends and relatives. Explore new places. Reshape your behavior. Limit your “alone time”. When you love to watch a movie or a cricket match, call your friend or go to a sports bar. Develop new goals and invest time and energy in it. Join a gym and stay socially active. Strengthen personal connections by planning for regular outings When you keep yourself busy and engaged in activities, you cut down and reduce the opportunity for masturbation. Focus on Yourself Try focusing on improving your health. Have a healthy diet and do exercises. Focus your energy and efforts on caring for your body. Paying attention to your body may reduce the urge to masturbation. Support Groups Support group, Credits: canva Learn from your therapist about the support groups that are available when you are willing to overcome the issue. When you are not willing to go for in-person support groups, join an online support group that may help overcome the addiction. Concentrate on Your Clothes When you feel that you have an urge of rubbing or touching your genitals during the night which makes you involved in masturbation, use an extra layer of clothing to reduce the sensation. Books That May Help You Deal With Masturbation Addiction A man reading a book, Credits: canva You can read the following books to overcome masturbation addiction How to Stop Masturbating: (The Easy Way) Author: James Smith This little book teaches how to stop masturbating. It is simple and quick. It doesn’t involve medication and willpower. The technique may help you overcome the guilt and help you concentrate better on your personal and professional life. How to Stop Masturbating: How to stop (overcome) men masturbation addiction in 90 days Author: James Mason This book contains tips and techniques that help you overcome masturbation addiction in a few months time. Masturbation Addiction: A Comprehensive Guide on How Best to Overcome Masturbation and Sex Addiction (Pornography Addiction, Masturbation Addiction, Obsession, Recovery) Author: Olusegun Ibikunle This book is designed to take you, friends, and family out of the deep pits and agony of masturbation and sex addiction-related spirits and practices, to enable you all to fulfill your purposes and live lives of bliss. Stop Masturbating and Start Living: How to go from fappy to happy and overcome any vice or addiction Author: Joseph Fan This book can help you stop masturbating and help you concentrate on things that really matter in life. Breaking the Cycle: Free Yourself from Sex Addiction, Porn Obsession, And Shame Author: George Collins The author of the book is specialized in counseling people who suffer from sexually compulsive behavior. The exercises that are mentioned in this book will help you how to regain control of your life and build meaningful intimate connections with others. Conclusion Masturbation is a healthy practice. Too much of it can be an addiction that disrupts your personal and professional life. There are several ways to stop masturbation addiction and enjoy things that matter the most.

  • Perthes Disease: Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease in Children

    Perthes is also known as Legg-Calve- Perthes disease is a hip disease affecting kids. The ball head of the thighbone (femur) lacks its blood flow in this scenario. The thigh’s head falls, so that the area gets swollen and irritated. Blood is very important to the bone when oxygen and bone nutrition are given. The absence of blood flow leads to osteonecrosis. If the blood flow is blocked too long, the ball portion of the femur will ultimately collapse. The bone can increase its power, but the form of the femur can be permanently deformed as the blood flow returns to the femur ball. Is Perthes Disease Common? This is a rare illness that affects one out of ten thousand toddlers. In children four to eight years old, the disease normally occurs. In 10 to 12% of the children, both hips are affected. Who Gets Perthes Disease? Young boys, Credits: canva Perthes illness in boys is five times higher than in girls. The disease is more common in children who are very active, athletic. Asians, Eskimos and Caucasians are commonly affected. The risk factor is known to be exposure to second-hand smoke, although this is not clear why. What Are The Causes Of Perthes Diseases? There is Blood supplies to the femur ball often inadequate. The reason how and why this happens is unclear. Trauma can cause blood vessel damage or disorders that cause the blood to coagulate and clog up the veins. The lack of blood supply leads to a series of events. The bone cells in the femur’s head first die. Next, the femur’s head gradually collapses and loses its roundness due to the weakness of these areas, which is labeled as ‘fragmentation.’ The bone tissue affected is then incorporated by the body. If the blood flow comes back, new bone tissue creatures evolve to assume the form of a new femur head. This will continue for a couple of years. Finally, the bone is healed in its ending form, but this end form is not necessarily a complete, round head. Perthes disease can also be due to mutations in certain genes that remain to be investigated. What Are The Symptoms Of Perthes Disease? A woman with hip pain, Credits: canva You may notice changes in your child during walking/running. The other signs and symptoms of Perthes disease include. The Pain in the hip area. Pain may aggravate during activity. The Pain in the thigh or knee area Pain may subside during rest Stiffness or decreased motion in the hip joint Limping Sometimes this disease can be diagnosed when taking an X-ray for other fall or injury. Consult your doctor if your child complains of limping, knee, or hip pain. Emergency medical care may be required if your child has a fever or can’t bear weight on the leg. How Perthes Disease Is Diagnosed? A doctor evaluating an X-ray, Credits: canva In cases of Perthes disease, the pediatric orthopedic surgeon will find that the child’s leg is shorter than the average leg. Perthes disease is diagnosed by an X-ray investigation. A MRI may be essential to track the development of the disease. Your health care professional can even assess the muscular atrophy in your infant. How Perthes Disease Is Treated? Treatment for the disease depends on your child’s condition and age. The treatment part involves immobilization and limiting normal activity. Younger children (6 to 8 years) may be treated with medications or weight-bearing restrictions. Elderly children are treated with or without surgery. Surgical solutions restore correct hip bone alignment. Your child can benefit from physical therapy. Non-surgical interventions include the use of anti-inflammatory medications like ibuprofen, naproxen sodium, and physical therapy. Prognosis of Perthes Disease The risk of adult hip arthritis in children who have Legg-Calve-Perthes disease is higher particularly if the hip joint cure abnormally. Younger children have a better response. After a few years of treatment, most young children can resume their normal activities.

  • Methylcobalamin (Vitamin B12): Amazing Drug Used To Treat These 13 Diseases

    Vitamin B12 is an essential vitamin that our body cannot produce. It is also called cobalamin. It is found in animal products and available as injections also. For DNA synthesis, the work of the nerve cell and the development of red blood cells, vitamin B12 is important. Vitamin B12 helps boost your energy, memory, and prevent heart disease. Older adults, people with gastrointestinal problems, and people on a strict vegan diet are at an increased risk of vitamin B12 deficiency. Vitamin B12 to Treat 13 Diseases Vitamin B12 may be helpful to treat the following 13 diseases. The proof remains lacking in some cases and the observations must be viewed with caution. Anemia Prevention Inherited Vitamin B12 deficiency (Imerslund-Grasbeck disease (IGS)). Prevent Major Birth Defects Cyanide Poisoning May Prevent Osteoporosis Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) Nerve damage from shingles. May Improve Symptoms of Depression May Improve Energy Levels Lower homocysteine levels Vitamin B12 may improve dermatologic issues May prevent memory loss Diabetic neuropathy Anemia Prevention A woman with fatigue, Credits: canva Vitamin For the development of red blood cells, vitamin B12 is important. Low vitamin B12 levels allow RBC formation to decrease. People with vitamin B12 deficiency have bigger, oval red blood cells. The larger RBCs cannot move from the bone marrow to the bloodstream resulting in megaloblastic anemia. When a person is anemic, the deficient red blood cells may not transport enough oxygen to the vital organs, resulting in fatigue and tiredness. Vitamin B12 hydroxocobalamin injections 5 mg twice weekly will minimize fatigue. Inherited Vitamin B12 Deficiency (Imerslund-Grasbeck disease (IGS)) IGS is a condition characterized by vitamin B12 deficiency causing megaloblastic anemia. People with IGS may develop recurrent gastrointestinal and respiratory infections. A Vitamin B12 injection for 10 days followed by regular monthly injections is effective for treating people with this inherited disease. Prevent Major Birth Defects A fetus, Credits: canva For a healthy pregnancy, adequate vitamin B12 levels are necessary. Studies have shown that mother requires appropriate vitamin B12 in the brain and nervous system to grow properly. The risk of neural tube defects can be increased by vitamin B12 defects during the early stages of pregnancy. Also, maternal B12 deficiency can cause premature birth or miscarriage. Cyanide Poisoning The use of hydroxocobalamin injections (a total of up to 10 grams) was shown to be beneficial for cyanide poisoning. The Food and Drug Administration has approved this procedure. May Prevent Osteoporosis Vitamin B12 is essential for bone health. People with B12 vitamin deficiency could have a low density of bone minerals that increases their osteoporosis risk. Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) An old woman with AMD, Credits: canva Vitamin B12 together with folic acid as well as vitamin B6 can help avoid a chance of an eye disease known macular degeneration due to age. The health risk for AMD is elevated rates of homocysteine. Researchers speculate that supplementation of vitamin B12 may lower the levels of homocysteine in the blood. Nerve Damage from Shingles It has been shown that injections into the skin with vitamin B12 in form of methylcobalamine are successful for nerve damage caused by shingles six time a week for four weeks. May Improve Symptoms of Depression Vitamin B12 may improve your mood. For serotonin synthesis that controls the mood, vitamin B12 is vital. People with vitamin B12 deficiencies may have decreased serotonin that may lead to depression. A combination of antidepressants and vitamin B12 has been shown to combat depression effectively. To validate the results, further analysis is needed. May Improve Energy Levels An energetic woman, Credits: canva B vitamins are essential for energy production. People who are deficient in vitamin B12 may benefit from taking this vitamin B12 supplement and improve their energy levels. Lower Homocysteine Levels The elevated risk of heart attack is connected to high homocysteine levels. Deficiency of vitamin B12 can increase homocysteine levels. Supplementing vitamin B12 can reduce homocysteine levels and decrease heart disease risk. However, the available evidence are insufficient to confirm that vitamin B12 supplements have a role in heart health. Vitamin B12 May Improve Dermatologic Issues Adequate levels of the vitamin are essential for healthy hair, skin, and nails. Low levels of vitamin B12 can cause dermatologic symptoms like hyperpigmentation, nail discoloration, vitiligo, and angular stomatitis. People who are deficient in vitamin B12 can take vitamin B12 supplements to improve their dermatologic complaints. May Prevent Memory Loss In patients with early stage dementia, the mental decline has shown a mixture of vitamin B12 and omega-3 supplements. The evidence remain unclear and further research is warranted to find the role of vitamin B12 in mental health. Diabetic Neuropathy A physician treating neuropathy, Credits: canva Vitamin B12 supplements have been shown to reduce the symptoms of diabetic neuropathy. Large scale studies are warranted to confirm the findings.

  • Kyasanur Forest Disease: A Potentially Fatal Viral Disease in India

    Kyasanur Forest Disease is also called “Monkey fever”. Kyasanur Forest Disease Virus (KFDV) was first isolated during an outbreak of the febrile disease in 1957 in people living in the Kyasanur forest area of the Shimoga district in the Karnataka (then Mysore) state of India. Virologists confirmed that there were several cases of severe febrile illness in residents of villages close to forested areas where dead monkeys had been found. Serological evidence indicate that the novel illness was caused by a virus related to the Russian spring-summer encephalitis (RSSE) complex of arboviruses, now known as the tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) serocomplex of flaviviruses, which are typically associated with a neurologic syndrome. The identification of KFDV provided the first conclusive evidence that a tick-borne flavivirus was circulating in India. In February 2012, there was an outbreak of Kyasanur Forest disease (KFD) in Tirhahalli and Hosanager taluks in the Shimoga district of India, with 176 suspected and 38 confirmed cases. It has been estimated an average of 400-500 cases of KFD occur every year in India. Similar diseases have also been reported in countries like China and Saudi Arabia since 1995. The pathogenic mechanism of the disease and the host response to infection remains unclear. The mortality rate is estimated at 3–10 percent in KFDV cases. What is KFDV? The KFDV virus belongs to the Flaviviridae family as a single-stranded positive RNA virus. Transmission A tick, Credits: canva It can occur after a tick bite or contact with an infected animal, most notably a sick or recently dead monkey. No transmission was confirmed from person to person. Large animals like goats, cows and sheep can get infected by KFD, but are of limited importance in disease transmission. These animals provide the blood meal for ticks and infected animals will infect other ticks, however KFDV is exceedingly rarely transmitted to people from these greater animals. Signs and Symptoms of Kyasanur Forest Disease A man checking his nose for bleeding, Credits: canva The incubation period of the illness is 3 to 8 days. The symptoms begin suddenly with chills, fever, and frontal headache. Patients may experience extreme muscle pain with vomiting and bleeding from the nasal cavity, the mouth, the gingiva, and in some cases the gastrointestinal tract after 3 to 4 days of initial symptoms. An abnormally elevated blood pressure and low platelet, red blood cells, and white blood cell counts are also possible in patients. Some patients recover without complications after 1-2 weeks of symptoms. A number of patients (10-20 percent) who develop a second wave of symptoms at the start of the 3rd week seem biphasic to the condition. These effects include fiber and neurological symptoms, including extreme headache, emotional upheaval, tremors and vision deficits. Diagnosis The early stages of illness are identified by performing a molecular test by PCR. Serological testing is performed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent serologic assay (ELISA). Treatment KFD is not eligible for specific treatment. It is critical to get early hospitalization to support treatment. Supportive care requires hydration maintenance and the standard precautions for bleeding disorder patients. Doctors will take precautionary measures to prevent bleeding and neurological symptoms from aggravating. Prevention A KFD vaccine is used in India’s endemic regions. Such precautionary steps require the use of protective clothing in endemic areas. The other preventive measures include: Identifying tick hotspots using regular tick mapping and surveillance techniques can help us kill them at the roots. Spraying insecticides up to 50 meters around the spot where monkey death was detected.

  • Breakthrough Findings on Why Only Certain COVID Patients Die

    According to Health Secretary Rajesh Bhushan, 53 percent of those who died as a result of the Covid-19 viral infection were over 60 years old. In comparison, 35% of the  coronavirus deaths occurred in the 45-60 year old age group, 10% in the 26-44 year old age group, and 1% in the 18-25 year old and under 17 year old age groups. Advanced age and underlying medical conditions are some of the reasons why certain patients with Covid-19 die. Scientists are trying to find are there any other reasons apart from these factors which make certain patients more susceptible to severe illness and death. When we can find an answer to this question, we may be able to find targeted therapies for Covid-19. The COVID human genetic initiative led a survey involving 200 research centers in 40 countries. Antibodies that disable interferons were found in 10% of approximately 1,000 COVID patients who experienced life-threatening pneumonia, according to results reported in Science. These interferons are key proteins of the immune systems. In 663 patients with mild or asymptomatic COVID Infections, these interferon autoantibodies were not identified. The study also revealed that only four out of the 1,227 healthy individuals had these autoantibodies. In another study, the same team found that 3.5 percent of chronically ill patients had mutations in genes that regulate interferons. Our body has 500 to 600 genes that code for interferons and researchers are likely to identify more mutations in interferons. Interferons are the first line of protection against viral pathogens, and they are in charge of activating virus-fighting genes. Invitro studies identified that interferons are suppressed by the virus in certain patients with Covid-19. When infected with the novel coronavirus, our body’s alarm system should ring and interferons need to be activated. If the activation fails, the viruses may multiply in larger numbers. Researchers speculate that these autoantibodies never caused problems until patients are infected with Covid-19. The Covid-19 per se or the triggered immune response may cause the problem. Autoantibodies against interferon are now being studied to see how they raise the risk of other viruses, such as influenza. Another surprising result was that autoantibodies were found in 94 percent of the patients in the sample. Autoantibodies against interferon were used in 12.5% of men and 2.6 percent of women with life-threatening COVID pneumonia. In addition, some genes implicated in the immune response to viruses have been discovered on the X-chromosome, according to a Yale University professor of immunology. X chromosomes are found in two copies in women. As a result, if one copy of the gene is faulty, the other copy will be able to shield them. As men have only one X-chromosome, when one copy of the gene is defective, there is no other copy to correct the issue. One of the women in the study who developed autoantibodies was born with only one X-chromosome, which is an unusual genetic disorder. Hormonal causes are involved. Estrogen hormone seems to have a protective effect and testosterone puts men at an increased risk of developing a severe disease in men. Though women may develop the less severe illness than men, they are more likely to experience long-term COVID symptoms that may last for a a few weeks to months. Interferon-Targeted Therapy? Patients who obtained an inhaled form of interferon beta-1a were more than twice as likely than those who did not to survive and regain their normal activities, according to a pilot study of 98 patients. The analysis must be conducted in a broader number of patients to support the findings. Furthermore, since inhaled interferon is administered straight to the lungs, it seems to function easier. However, a study led by WHO found no benefit of these injected interferons and the findings need to be approached with caution.

  • Why Are Microbes Important To Human Health?

    Microbes are not always bad. Trillions of microbes live in our body and they perform pivotal functions. Here is an overview of what beneficial things microbes do to our body to function efficiently. The microbes that reside in different communities are collectively called the microbiome. The microbiome is an important component of immunity and has crucial functions in human health and diseases. Studies have discovered that there have been 10,000 distinct microbial organisms in the human body. Humans require bacteria and their genes more than we think. Role of Microbes in Human Health Microbes help us in the following ways. Digestion Microbes for Skin Health Reproductive Health Microbes for Immunity The Gut Microbiome Microbes Help in Detoxification and Stress Digestion Microbes in digestion, Credits: pixabay The important functions of microbes are that they help with digestion. The microbes in your gut will decide how much energy you consume and store. Any change in the microbial pattern during early life can contribute to weight problems in later life. It was identified that infants who were given antibiotics were at increased risk of becoming overweight. This is because antibiotics can kill healthy bacteria that influence the absorption of nutrients in the body. Microbes for Skin Health A woman with beautiful skin, Credits: pixabay The diverse population of microbes is present in the human skin. Our skin health relies on The delicate balancing of our cells with the microbes which live on their surfaces. The healthy bacteria that reside in the skin may not allow harmful bacteria to enter the skin. These bacteria help prevent skin infections from turning to be prolonged and serious. An example of bacteria that reside on the skin is Bacillus subtilis which produces bacitracin on the skin that helps fight with other microbes. Reproductive Health The microbes in the reproductive tract of women regulate reproductive wellbeing and help prevent disease. Microbes for Immunity Research teams also established that bacteria in rod form named Bacillus present in the digestive tract can bind and promote division and replication of the immune cells. These microbes can also help fight cancerous tumors. The Gut Microbiome The microbes in the intestine help guard against pathogens and help in digestion. There exist differences in the microbial pattern between babies who are delivered vaginally and those delivered via C-section. Babies who have been born by C-section are more likely to develop allergies and asthma than babies who come from the vagina. There exist differences between the gut microbiota of formula-fed and breast-fed infants. Once a baby completes the first year of life, the microbial profile becomes distinct for each infant. The microbiota of a 2.5-year-old infant in terms of the structure resembles that of an adult. Microbes Help in Detoxification and Stress A woman in stress, Credits: pixabay The exact interplay between microbes and stress response is unclear, but it is observed that people under intense stress have less diverse bacterial communities in the gut.

  • Lower Back Pain: 11 Possible Causes, Treatment And When To See A Doctor

    Lower back pain is one of the most common problems that people of all age groups deal with at some point in their lives. If left untreated, it can go on to become a major disability. However, it is important to note that not all back pains are a sign of something dangerous in your body. That is why people take it lightly when they first begin to experience nagging lower back pain. For most people, this issue can resolve on its own after some time. However, for others, it can point towards an underlying illness. There can be a variety of lower back pain reasons. In other words, this pain can arise due to a number of different issues and vary greatly from person to person. In order to resolve lower back pain, you need to first understand what is causing the pain in the first place. Let us find out. What Causes Lower Back Pain? Human spinal cord, Credit: Canva The pain can occur because of disk herniation. It is a condition in which the soft cushion of the spinal disc leaks and puts pressure on the surrounding nerves. It leads you to experience pain in this part of the back. When your facet joints, i.e., the joints located behind the spinal discs swell then they will cause you a similar pain like the one described above. You will also experience a reduction in the flexibility of your spine. When the passage between your spinal cord and nerves starts to narrow, you experience a condition called spinal stenosis. It causes your nerves to come under pressure, resulting in pain. Another cause of lower back pain is sacroiliac joint dysfunction. It refers to the damaging of the weight-bearing joints that are responsible for absorbing any shock that occurs between the two areas of your body,i.e., the upper and the lower. Any inflammation in these joints will result in pain. Compression fracture which arises due to age factor when the bones become weak is another cause of lower back pain. The sliding of one vertebra over another which is commonly referred to as spondylolisthesis also causes pain in the lower back. Tumour in the spinal cord also can lead to pain in the lower back region. As it progresses, it puts pressure on the surrounding nerves. It results in you experiencing pain. Deterioration of the cartilage or osteoarthritis leads you to experience pain your lower back. As a result of this condition, your joints will get inflamed and you will feel pain. Osteoarthritis can also affect your spine. If you have had a nasty fall or an accident then your back experiences a trauma which can only be treated after availing medical help. This condition also causes extreme lower back pain. Consulting to pain doctor texarkana is recommended. Spinal deformities like scoliosis will result in lower back pain especially if it is left untreated. Certain types of infection like osteomyelitis can also cause pain in the lower back. There are some autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis and lupus that may result in the same. However, these infections are very rare. What Can I Do to Relieve My Lower Back Pain? Woman stretching, Credit: Canva Engage in activities that boost the levels of the hormone called endorphin in your body. Endorphins are ‘feel good’ hormones that obstruct the signals of pain to register in your brain. They also reduce conditions like depression and stress which may arise when one is suffering from prolonged back pain. Get a full night’s sleep in order to minimize your back pain from deteriorating. When you get a 7-8 hours sleep it will allow your body’s tissues to recover and you will find an improvement in your energy levels. The lower back is supported by your abs and back muscles. Since they are not much put to use on an average day, they need to be strengthened through exercise. Just 20 minutes of strengthening exercises can significantly reduce your lower back pain. Every pain signal is registered in the brain which makes you experience it. By engaging in activities like meditation and mindfulness, you can train your brain to ignore the pain signals and thus experience less pain. Tight hamstring muscles will put your lower back under stress. It will deteriorate your pain. Take some time out to engage in stretching exercises that target hour hamstring. How Do I Know If My Back Pain Is Serious? Man feeling pain in the back, Credit: Canva When should I be worried about lower back pain? It is a question that many people who deal with it wonder. You should consult your doctor if you are experiencing the following: Fever above 38 degree Celsius Sudden weight loss Inflammation of the back Chronic back pain Leg pain especially in the area of your calves Injury-related traumatic pain A complete loss of control over the bladder Inability to urinate normally Inability to pass bowel movements Tingling or numbness in your buttocks or genitals

  • Salt Water Flush: Safety, Risks And Recipes

    A saltwater flush is becoming popular these days and is included in detox and fasting diets. It helps to detoxify, cleanse your body, and regulate your bowel movements. Also, It is an amalgamation of warm water and non-iodized sea salt. It helps in better bowel movement upon consumption. Its effects are visible and last from 30 minutes to an hour of its consumption. If a person is consuming a poor diet with a lot of waste stocked up in the colon, this might lead to irregular bowels, thus making you sluggish. The whole concept is to hep you get rid of digestive system issues and make you feel lighter and more energetic. It is supposed to detoxify rotten waste and various organisms that may be residing inside your colon. It is a natural way to empty the colon and is much better than colon-cleansing-drugs available in the market. But is it that good and has no harmful effects? Studies conducted on this Although saltwater flush is efficient enough to cleanse your colon and regulate your bowel movements. It is yet to be proven scientifically that it detoxifies our colon and gets rid of the old waste material. A study done by Arya et al, technique of shankh prakshalana was used. In it lukewarm saline was used in along with yoga to cleanse the bowel before colonoscopy was carried out. Who is the right candidate to do a saltwater flush? Try a saltwater flush if: you’re remain perpetually constipated you often face irregular bowel movements How does Sea Salt cleanse? caption: saltwater flush alt-text: saltwater flush cleanse The levels of sodium in packed foods is high and processed and can lead to problems like high blood pressure. But natural sea salt is not that harmful. It can be used to clean infected areas, decrease pain in muscles. It also impacts various systems like nervous or muscular. Helps to eliminate or get rid of toxic substances and reduce lethargy. An optimal hormonal balance and ph level can be maintained with the help of salt. It positively affects your metabolic system by favouring hyperosmolarity. It helps you get rid of retention of fluids in the body and as a result you loose fluid weight by regulating mineral levels. The excess water that the body is retaining gets eliminated. Saltwater flush recipe caption: saltwater flush alt-text: saltwater flush recipe The preparation for a saltwater flush is: LIST OF INGREDIENTS Two teaspoons of salt A jar Thousand millilitre of water Juice of a fresh lemon METHOD Mix two teaspoons of non-iodized sea salt (Himalayan pink sea salt) in thousand millilitre of warm water. Make sure the water is only warm and not boiling. If you don’t like it’s taste, then add juice of a lemon to it to reduce the salty taste Gulp it down on an empty stomach After drinking it you might experience an immediate urge to clear your bowels. The key is to drink it on an empty stomach be it in the morning or sometime after you had your last meal. Stay close to a toilet after having it and try not to exercise immediately after drinking it. Benefits of saltwater flush caption: saltwater flush alt-text: saltwater flush uses Helps with fluid retention Maintains electrolyte balance Eliminates toxins and waste out of your system Helps you get rid of digestive system problems Helps you get a clear skin Salt Water Flush Helps in Weight Loss? caption: saltwater flush alt-text: saltwater flush cleanse aids in weight loss Yes, definitely it can help you loose weight. They help to flush out the fluids and toxins as they are diuretics and lead to osmotic diarrhea. And the best part is that our body does not absorb this water, thus flushes it out completely. Regular bowel movements and less fluid retention helps you lose weight, but this should not be your sole aim to do this. Cons of a Salt Water flush in Losing weight Can result in dehydration. Thus making you confused and low on energy levels. You might feel very thirsty after it. So drink loads of water to avoid it. Might lead to electrolyte imbalance causing irregular heartbeat, dizziness, spasms etc. Are there any harmful effects of saltwater flush? caption: saltwater flush alt-text: saltwater flush cleanse harmful effects A saltwater flush might lead to nausea and vomiting if you consume without eating anything. It might lead to excess sodium levels in your body You might suffer from increased blood pressure due to raised sodium levels Due to immediate flush out of fluids from your body you may feel bloated or dehydrated Might experience an imbalance of the electrolytes in your body Its consumption might lead to: Muscle spasms fatigue erratic heartbeat rise in blood pressure People with medical conditions that should avoid a saltwater flush caption: saltwater flush alt-text: saltwater flush cleanse Patients with heart related issues patients with elevated blood sugar people with swelling issues patients whose kidneys do not function properly elevated blood pressure levels any disease of the gastrointestinal system There are certain good and bad microorganisms residing in our gut. And, There balance is the important for a healthy gut. There imbalance can give rise to many intestinal diseases. Not enough scientific evidence exists yet on how the saltwater flush impacts these microorganisms. Usually having a probiotic balances your gut bacteria and protects you from having any intestinal issues. What are the other methods to cleanse your colon? caption: saltwater flush alt-text: saltwater flush cleanse alternatives Detox diets, herbal teas, juice diets etc. are some ways other than saltwater flush to cleanse colon. Not many studies exist which claim that they are safe without any harm, and whether their effects lasts long. The ideal way is to keep your kidneys and liver healthy, as they eliminate the toxins out of your body. Drink tons of water everyday Consume a diet inclusive of vegetables, fruits, juices etc. Limit alcohol intake Curb your smoking habits or consumption of and abusive substance Keep your BMI in range Blood pressure should be managed well Stay fit and do some form of exercise or yoga daily For long term management of constipation, consume a diet full of fibre Conclusion A saltwater flush will clear out your colon and regulate bowel movements. In case you have some serious medical condition, consult you doctor whether you can take saltwater flush or not. It has many benefits like balances ph and hormone levels, help you get a clear skin, you might lose water weight etc. Saltwater flush recipe is easy to follow. Also, helps you get rid of digestive system issues and improves your overall health and well being. Do keep in mind the harmful effects of it and take full precautions while doing the saltwater flush.