• Shruti GOCHHWAL

7 Common FAQ’s About Diabetes

Diabetes is a group of diseases in which the functioning of the body is impaired, resulting in a high blood glucose level. It is estimated that India has 77 million people suffering from diabetes with type 2 diabetes cases being the majority.

The predictions for diabetes in India are grim as it is expected to increase.

The following are FAQs about diabetes:

What Should be My Diet If I Have Diabetes?

Diabetes is a condition in which you need to monitor your diet. The restrictions are not on what you eat but how much you eat it. Any kind of food item can be consumed in small quantities but there are some food items which are beneficial and those which can be bad.

The following should be consumed:

  1. Carbohydrates in the form of whole grains and legumes.

  2. Fibre-rich foods such as fruits and vegetables

  3. Low Cholesterol items such as canola oil

  4. Foods rich in starch

  5. Maintain a good protein intake.

The things to avoid are:

  1. High Cholesterol items such as egg yolks

  2. Food which contains trans fat

  3. Processed Food

  4. High Sodium content

Maintain a diet plan and stick to it. Use these tips as a reference for making a healthy diet plan.

What are the Symptoms of Diabetes?

Credits: Pexels

Caption: Slow wound healing is a common symptom of diabetes.

Alt text: A person cleaning a wound.

The manifestation of diabetes can vary from person to person. Some common symptoms are:

  1. Weight Loss

  2. Increase in frequency of urination.

  3. Breathing Difficulty

  4. Low energy level

  5. Sudden tiredness and fatigue

  6. Bedwetting among children

  7. Nausea

  8. Changes in mood

  9. Stomach issues

  10. Increased susceptibility to infections

  11. Taking longer time for wounds to heal

  12. Increased irritability and confusion

If you observe any of these signs then you should see a doctor as catching diabetes early is important.

Can the Weight Loss Caused by Diabetes Be Dangerous?

Weight loss is considered good as long as it is intentional. Unfortunately, the weight which is lost due to diabetes is not intentional and it can be dangerous.

To understand the difference between intentional and unintentional weight loss the most important factor to know is if you have made any lifestyle changes that can reduce weight.

If you have lost weight suddenly then you should consult a doctor. Losing weight on purpose is good for health and should be done.

Can Diabetes be Cured?

At the moment, there is no cure for diabetes. The treatment focuses on managing the disease. Irrespective of the type of diabetes, they are irreversible conditions.

Throughout your life depending on how effectively you manage the disease, the dosage forms and treatment will be varied by your doctor.

The treatment and management of the disease will have to be done for the rest of your life.

Most people get used to it so do not be disheartened if you are diagnosed with diabetes.

Can Diabetes be the Cause of Muscle Pain?

Diabetes can cause pain due to two reasons. The first one is that diabetes can have a thickening effect on the soft tissues present in the limbs. This thickening effect can cause discomfort and muscle pain.

The second factor which can cause muscle pain is nerve weakness. This can result in decreased nerve supply resulting in pain and discomfort. If you are feeling muscle pain then you can use topical treatments or try some alternative methods such as using an ice pack on it.

A man holding his neck due to pain

Credits: Pexels

Caption: Diabetes can cause muscle pain.

Alt text: A man holding his neck due to pain

If I Am Diagnosed with Diabetes, Does That Mean I will Have to Take Insulin?

In the case of type 1 diabetes, insulin administration is required. However, in type 2 diabetes it is not necessary. There are various medications available to help manage type 2 diabetes. In severe cases, insulin is used but most people are introduced to other forms of treatment initially. The following types of medication are available for type 2 diabetes:

  1. Metformin

  2. Sulfonylureas:

  3. GLP -1 Receptor Agonists:

  4. Thiazolidinediones:

  5. Meglitinides:

  6. Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2 Inhibitors

 Insulin Syringes.

Credits: Pexels

Caption: Insulin is necessary in type 1 diabetes.

Alt text: Insulin Syringes.

Can Menopause Cause Fluctuation in Blood Glucose Levels?

Yes, menopause can cause fluctuations. During menopause, there are many hormonal changes which can also affect the blood glucose levels.

If you are already suffering from diabetes and are moving towards menopause then you have to carefully monitor your blood glucose level and inform your doctor of the same.

Takeaway

Diabetes requires treatment and management. The disease can cause many complications if left untreated. Learn how to deal with diabetes effectively. If you have any more questions about diabetes, check out our diabetes section.

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