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  • Writer's pictureShruti GOCHHWAL

7 Unlikely Causes of Bleeding Gums

Bleeding gums is a common phenomenon that affects many people. It can have various reasons ranging from diseases to injuries. In most cases, it occurs due to gingivitis. Gingivitis is a condition in which a sticky film called plaque forms on the teeth. Plaque is a breeding ground for bacteria and causes bleeding.

In case you are suffering from bleeding gums and cannot figure out why here are 7 causes of bleeding gums that are rare but can affect you.

1. A New Toothbrush

There are many different kinds of toothbrushes available today. They differ in shape, size, texture and the type of bristles. A new toothbrush can often damage the gums because of excessive hardness.

It is recommended to use soft-bristled toothbrushes so that they do not cause any damage. If you have recently switched your toothbrush and have started noticing bleeding gums then you should get a new one.

2. Flossing Technique

Dentists recommend flossing as it helps in maintaining proper dental hygiene. Improper flossing can cause bleeding. It requires you to navigate through the small openings between your teeth which can be a difficult task.

Ensure that you do not press the floss against the gums as that can damage them. You can also try decreasing the number of times you floss. Dentists recommend flossing once a week.

3. Stress

Stress can cause bleeding gums. There are studies which suggest that stress can lead to inflammation of the blood vessels which can result in bleeding gums. An increase in stress can also diminish the ability of the immune system which can slow the healing process of bleeding gums. Reduce your overall stress level and it can be helpful in reducing gum bleeding.

A person with his hand on his face.

Credits: Pexels Caption: Stress can be a cause for bleeding gums.

4. Medicines

There are various medications which can cause gum bleeding. The most common of these medications are blood thinners. This type of medication can increase the amount of bleeding that occurs from your gums.

If you have started any new medications, then inform your dentist as well as the doctor who has prescribed the new medication. They will most likely give you an alternative medication.

5. Gingivitis During Pregnancy

If you are pregnant and your gums are bleeding then it could be due to pregnancy. During pregnancy hormones levels are elevated. These hormones can increase the flow of blood to your gums making them extra sensitive.

Sensitive gums lead to excessive plaque build-up and cause bleeding. This form of gingivitis resolves on its own after the pregnancy.

A pregnant woman.

Credits: Pexels Caption: Gingivitis due to pregnancy resolves on its own after the pregnancy.

6. Overbite

Overbite or malocclusion of teeth is a condition in which the alignment of the teeth is incorrect. This condition can cause severe oral problems. If you observe misalignment of your teeth or have suffered an external injury to the face or jaw then you should consult a dentist immediately.

It can cause gum bleeding along with other dental disorders. This condition requires treatment. Early intervention increases the success rate. Using braces is a common form of treatment for an overbite.

7. Smoking

Smoking along with its various other harmful effects can also cause gum bleeding. Smoking makes the gums extra sensitive. This sensitivity makes it easier for bacteria to enter the gums through plaque. Smoking can also lead to various other dental health problems.

A person smoking

Credits: Pexels Caption: Gum bleeding can be caused by smoking.


Try making the above-mentioned changes and observe whether your bleeding gums stop. Maintaining proper oral hygiene is an essential part of overall health.

If bleeding lasts for more than 10 days then you should see a dentist. It is recommended to softly brush twice a day, floss once a week and use a mouthwash after brushing to maintain proper dental health.

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