• Shruti GOCHHWAL

How Many Types Of Laser Treatments Are There?

Today the word LASER has become very common because LASER treatments are considered to be precise, efficient, and easy. The first LASER was built in the 1960s and now LASER treatments are highly successful for the treatment of eye and skin problems.

What is a LASER?

Laser

Lasers in numerous applications, Credits: pixabay


LASER is the acronym for “light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation”. Laser therapy uses a strong beam of light to cut, burn, or destroy tissue.

Types of Lasers

Types of laser

Lasers has great applications in medicine, Credits: pixabay


There are two main types of lasers used for therapy. The differences are due to the wavelengths peaks of the Laser light, pulse durations, and how effective the target area is able to absorb the skin.

Ablative Lasers

Ablative Lasers are powerful and they remove the epidermis and part of the dermis by superheating water in the skin. An intense wavelength of light is passed into the outer layers of damaged or aged skin.

The Laser stimulates the underlying skin, helping in collagen formation and in the improvement of wrinkles. An ointment is applied after this laser resurfacing procedure. Once the skin starts to heal after the treatment, new skin forms that is tighter and smoother.

Non Ablative Lasers

The non-ablative types of laser do not aim to remove the top skin tissue. Instead, they work beneath the skin surface layer. Non-ablative lasers stimulate collagen formation and tighten the underlying skin to improve the tone.

Laser Treatment

Lasers are used in various medical applications like removal of kidney stones, remove parts of the prostate, shrink and destroy tumors. Here we are discussing the laser treatment for:

  1. Laser treatment for skin

  2. Laser treatment for eyes

  3. Laser treatment for piles

  4. Laser Treatment For Skin

Why Laser Treatment for Skin?

Laser treatment for skin

Skin is the basic defense system, Credits: pexels


Skin is the largest organ and acts as a barrier against defenses. Since it is a visible organ it is most likely to experience all the environmental and harsh insults.

Problems in any part of the body are likely to affect the skin. The common issues in the skin are blemishes, acne, and wrinkles. As aging occurs, skin tends to lose its texture, elasticity, and more dark circles and sagging of skin are seen. Anti-aging medications and products fail to resolve the issue and hence LASER treatments are chosen by most people.

Laser Treatment for Skin Problems

Laser treatment for skin

Laser treatment for acne, wrinkles, Credits: pexels


Laser therapy is used to treat the following skin conditions.

Laser

Laser treatment for skin, Credits: pexels


  1. Unwanted hair

  2. Unwanted tattoos

  3. Acne scars

  4. Aging skin problems, such as age spots, fine lines, and wrinkles on the face

  5. Birthmarks

  6. Droopy, dry, sagging eyelid skin and dark circles

  7. Brown spots and uneven skin color

  8. Scars

  9. Uneven skin tone and texture

  10. Smokers’ line

  11. Vascular lesions

  12. Skin tightening

There are specialized treatment procedures available to address the above issues.

Side effects of Skin Laser Therapy

Sometimes there are possibilities of developing certain side effects due to LASER which are described below:

  1. Infections

  2. Cold sores

  3. Milia

  4. Darkening of the skin or cysts

  5. Damage to the eyes from laser exposure

Laser Therapy for Eyes

Laser treatment for eyes

A man undergoing a Laser eye surgery, Credits: pexels


Vision Problems

  1. LASIK is the most common and effective way to correct vision problems. In this procedure, a special type of cutting laser is used to precisely change the shape of the dome-shaped clear tissue at the cornea to improve vision.

  2. LASIK therapy is used to correct myopia, hyper myopia and astigmatism.

  3. An ophthalmologist will evaluate whether you are an eligible candidate for LASIK surgery.

  4. Almost 8 out of 10 people who underwent LASIK surgery no longer needed to wear glasses or contact lenses.

  5. Some common side effects of LASIK surgery are dry eyes, glare, and changes in vision.

Cataract

Almost every aged person develops cataract and undergoes a LASIK to remove the cataract. LASER cataract surgery brings a new level of precision and accuracy than the traditional ones that were performed through surgical methods. A surgeon uses the laser to create precise incisions as well as the circular opening for accessing and removing the cataract.

Laser Therapy for Piles

Laser treatment for piles

A man suffering from piles, Credits: pexels


Piles are inflamed veins developing around the anus. They cause pain and huge discomfort. If lifestyle modifications and oral medications do not work, LASER surgery is the next option.

The procedure is called infrared coagulation and is a minimally invasive procedure. A surgeon identifies the exact tissue that needs to be operated using a LASER. The advantages of the procedure are there is little bleeding and recovery time is quick. The blood vessels in the anal region are sealed by the LASER and only very minimal bleeding happens.

Take-Home Message

Lasers hold innumerable treatment options to correct skin, eyes, tumors, and piles.

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